Putting your article together: the essentials

  • You’ll need to make sure your article is correctly formatted and referenced. Some of our journals provide Word or LaTeX templates to help you, and you can also check the instructions for authors for specific information.
  • Make sure you include an abstract, keywords, and biographical details (if required). If the journal requires a specific set of headings (e.g., “Materials and Methods” or “Conclusions”) you will need to follow this style. Even if there aren’t specific guidelines for headings, it is still good practice to use headings to break up your text, and highlight major ideas.
  • All references cited in the text need to appear in the bibliography. You can use automated reference software or article formatting tools (e.g., EndNote® or Reference Manager®) to make this easier.
  • Check your spelling and grammar, and pay special attention to whether the journal you are writing for asks for American or English spelling (specified in the instructions for authors).
  • Check you’ve included all your figures, tables, and appendices (in the right format), and that they are referred to in your text.
  • Ensure that you have the correct copyright clearance for any material in your paper that is under © to a third party, e.g., images or quotations from songs.
  • Stick to the word count if one is provided (on the journal’s instructions for authors).


Taylor & Francis considers all manuscripts on the strict condition that they have only been submitted to that journal, and that they have not been published already. They must not be under consideration for publication or in press elsewhere.