Journal of Global Ethics
What does China’s rise mean for the future of development? Under Deng Xiaoping, China switched to a socialist market economy that has extended China’s reach across the globe and brought remarkable gains in human development. Deng’s successors Jiang Zemin and Hu Jintao linked socialist economic doctrine and Confucian cultural identity. ‘Socialist Ecological Civilization,’ which became national policy during the Hu administration, is being prioritized by China’s President Xi Jinping as the goal of ‘Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for the New Era’. As a consequence, China has emerged as a leader in transitioning to renewable energy, in designing a closed-loop economy, and in combating desertification.