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How to make your article anonymous for peer review

Before submitting your article, you may need to make it anonymous if your chosen journal uses double-blind peer review (you can check the instructions for authors to see if this is the case). This is to ensure that reviewers won’t be able to identify you, your co-authors, or the institution where the research was carried out, ensuring that the review process is as objective as possible.

How to make your article anonymous

You will need to prepare two copies of the manuscript for submission. One file will need to have all your author details included, and one will need to be anonymized. Both versions should include the title, abstract, body, and references.

Tips for anonymizing your manuscript:

  1. Don’t mention any grants or acknowledgments in the anonymous version of your manuscript. You can provide these in the non-anonymous version, and you may also be asked to provide funding information separately during submission.
  2. Don’t add any page headers or footers that would identify you.
  3. Avoid, or try to minimize, any self-citation. If you have cited your own work, make sure you’ve referred to your own references in the third person, e.g. write “Smith and Black (2007) have demonstrated”, not “We have previously demonstrated (Smith & Black, 2007)”.
    (If you’re unable to avoid referring to self-cited work in the first person, then delete the author names, or other identifying information (such as your institution) and replace it with [author(s)] in the text. In the reference list, delete the citation, and use a placeholder [author(s)].)
  4. You will need to check that all identifiers have been removed from files such as MicrosoftTM Word® documents. Make sure you are working from a saved copy of your manuscript as once you remove this data, it may not be recoverable :
  • In the copy of your original document, click the File tab, and then click Info.
  • Click Check for Issues, and then click Inspect Document.
    Make your article anonymous - screenshot of Word Inspect your document
  • In the Document Inspector dialog box, select the check boxes to choose the types of hidden content that you want to be inspected.
  • Click Inspect.
  • Review the results of the inspection in the Document Inspector dialog box.
  • Click Remove All next to the inspection results for the types of hidden content that you want to remove from your document.
Made your article anonymous? Don’t forget to also provide a non-anonymous version of your manuscript containing author names, institutions, and email addresses; acknowledgements; funding information; and complete references. We’ll need this for publication.