Corrections to published articles
Taylor & Francis journal article correction and retraction policy
Every article published by a Taylor & Francis journal, or a Society journal published by us, either in the print issue or online, constitutes the Version of Record (VoR): the final, definitive, and citable version in the scholarly record (see NISO, 2008).
The VoR includes:
- The paper, revised and accepted following peer review, in its final form, including the abstract, text, references, bibliography, and all accompanying tables, illustrations, data.
- Any supplemental material.
Recognizing a published article as a finalized Version of Record establishes the expectation that it can be relied upon as accurate, complete, and citable. Wherever possible it is our policy to maintain the integrity of the Version of Record in accordance with STM Association guidelines:
“Articles that have been published should remain extant, exact, and unaltered to the maximum extent possible” (STM Guidelines on Preservation of the Objective Record of Science).
Because articles can be read and cited as soon as they are published, any changes thereafter could potentially impact those who read and cited the earlier version. Taylor & Francis is committed to upholding industry best practice, in accordance with the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines when correcting the Version of Record.
All correction, expressions of concern and retraction notices are free to access at the point of publication.
What to do if my article contains an error?
We encourage readers and authors to notify us if they find errors, especially errors that could affect the interpretation of data or information presented in an article.
If, after reading the guidance, you believe a correction is necessary in your article, contact the journal’s Production Editor, or contact us via this website.
Corrections to the Version of Record
Taylor & Francis distinguishes between major and minor errors.
- All major errors are accompanied by a separate correction notice. The correction notice should provide clear details of the error and the changes that have been made to the Version of Record. Under these circumstances Taylor & Francis will:
- Correct the online article.
- Issue a separate correction notice electronically linked back to the corrected version.
- Add a footnote to the article displaying the electronic link to the correction notice.
- Paginate and make available the correction notice in the online issue of the journal.
- Make the correction notice free to view.
- All minor errors will include a footnote on the article detailing to the reader that the article has been corrected. Minor errors do not impact the reader’s understanding of the academic material.
An addendum is a notification of an addition of information to an article, for example in response to a reader’s request for clarification. Addenda do not contradict the original publication, but if the author inadvertently omitted significant information available at the time, this material can be published as an addendum. Addenda may be peer reviewed, according to journal policy, and are normally subject to oversight by the editors of the journal.
All addenda are electronically linked to the published article to which they relate.
Comment, response, and rejoinder correspondence
Comments are short articles which outline an observation on a published article. In cases where a comment on a published article is submitted to the journal editor, it will be subject to peer review. The comment will be shared with the authors of the published article, who are invited to submit a response.
This author response will be subject to peer review, and shared with the commentator, who is invited to submit a rejoinder. The rejoinder will be subject to peer review and shared with the authors of the published article. No further correspondence will be considered for publication.
All published comments, responses, and rejoinders are linked to the published article to which they relate.
Expressions of concern
Publication of an expression of concern notice may be considered if:
- There is inconclusive evidence of research or publication misconduct by the authors.
- There is evidence that the findings are unreliable but the authors’ institution will not investigate the case.
- There is an investigation into alleged misconduct related to the publication that has not been, or would not be, fair and impartial or conclusive.
- An investigation is underway but a judgement will not be available for a considerable time.
The expression of concern will be linked back to the published article it relates to.
A retraction is a means to notify the community of unsound results or misconduct, following an investigation of the issue in question by Taylor & Francis and the editors of the journal. The purpose of retractions is to correct the literature and ensure its integrity rather than to punish individuals.
Retraction may be considered:
- If there is clear evidence that the findings are unreliable, either as a result of misconduct (e.g. data fabrication) or honest error (e.g. miscalculation or experimental error).
- If the findings have previously been published elsewhere without proper cross referencing, permission or justification (i.e. cases of redundant publication).
- If the research constitutes plagiarism.
- Where there is evidence of fraudulent authorship.
- If there is evidence of unethical research.
The COPE retraction guidelines can be found on the COPE website.
Where the decision has been taken to retract an article Taylor & Francis will:
- Add a “retracted” watermark to the published Version of Record of the article.
- Issue a separate retraction statement, titled ‘Retraction: [article title]’, that will be linked to the retracted article on Taylor & Francis Online.
- Paginate and make available the retraction statement in the online issue of the journal.
In accordance with STM Association guidelines on preserving the integrity of the published Version of Record, Article removal is a rare occurrence in scholarly publishing. Taylor & Francis will consider removal of a published article from Taylor & Francis Online in very limited circumstances:
- If the article contains content that could pose a serious risk to health if followed or acted upon.
- If the article is defamatory or infringes other legal rights.
- If an article is subject to a court order.
In case of an article being removed from Taylor & Francis Online, a removal notice will be issued in its place.