Just like any other academic piece of writing, your literature review will have an introduction, a main body, and a conclusion. Below we have outlined some advice you could follow when you are ready to begin your writing journey.
The introduction needs to clearly state your focus topic and purpose of your literature review. It should also be able to reach a large audience of non-specialists. To do this, make sure that the research you include in your introduction is broad. This will help increase your literature review’s impact.
The core body of your literature review should be made up of the key points that you want to cover. These key points will become sections, with each section covering a key point. You could use subheadings to present each of the sections.
Presenting your literature review in a thought out, organized way will allow the key trends to be identified by your readers. It will also help develop an engaging storyline to your literature review.
Remember that you need to give your own thoughts, interpretations and discussions in the main body of your literature review. This also includes pointing out any gaps in the literature – don’t be afraid to point out the weaknesses of your chosen sources.
This is where you should summarize your key findings from your literature review, and emphasize their significance. If your literature review is part of your research paper, make sure you reiterate how your research is contributing to the subject field. Or, you could discuss how you have drawn on existing research, theories and methods to build a strategy for your own research – this may lead on nicely to your methodology section.