Being published in a peer-reviewed journal is an essential part of every researcher’s career. Benefits to you as the author (and to your funder and institution) come from the work that is done to ensure that every article adheres to certain standards. For example, researchers must report their work accurately so that other people can make use of it and apply it.
The Taylor & Francis Editorial Policies set out many of the guidelines for ethical publishing which authors should understand and follow. There is also ethical guidance for journal editors and peer reviewers. Every journal also explains its publishing and peer-review policy on its Aims & Scope page on Taylor & Francis Online, or for F1000Research, you can find the editorial and ethical policies here.
Below are the major ethical issues you should be aware of as an author. Use these, our Editorial Policies, and the infographic (also available in Chinese) to guide you as you submit and publish your research.
Every author listed on a journal article should have made a significant contribution to the work reported. This could be in terms of research conception or design, or acquisition of data, or the analysis and interpretation of data. As an author or co-author, you share responsibility and accountability for the content of your article.
“When somebody presents the work of others (data, words or theories) as if they were his/her own and without proper acknowledgment.” Committee of Publications Ethics (COPE)
When citing others’ (or your own) previous work, please ensure you have:
If you are discussing one particular source at different points in your paper, make sure you correctly cite every instance.
Make sure you avoid self-plagiarism
Self-plagiarism is the redundant reuse of your own work, usually without proper citation. It creates repetition in the academic literature and can skew meta-analyses if you publish the same sets of data multiple times as “new” data. Therefore, if you’re discussing your own previous work, make sure you cite it.
Taylor & Francis uses CrossCheck to screen for unoriginal material. Authors submitting to a Taylor & Francis journal should be aware that their paper may be submitted to CrossCheck at any point during the peer-review or production process.
Any allegations of plagiarism or self-plagiarism made to a journal will be investigated by the editor of the journal and Taylor & Francis. If the allegations appear to be founded, we will then contact all named authors of the paper and request an explanation of the overlapping material. We may ask Journal Editorial Board members to assist in further evaluation of the paper and allegations. If the explanation is not satisfactory we will reject the submission. We may also choose not accept future submissions.
It is essential that all data is accurate, and representative of your research. Data sharing is more and more prevalent, increasing the transparency of raw data. Some journals request that you upload raw data as a supplemental file for publication (you can check the instruction for authors to see if this is the case on the journal you are submitting to). Some journals and platforms such as F1000Research advocate a more progressive open data policy, requiring the raw data underlying an article to be openly available, so it’s crucial to be aware of this when submitting your work.
Taylor & Francis encourages you to submit your supplemental data with your article. Find out how we host it, and make it more discoverable.
Cases of data fabrication/falsification will be evaluated by the editor of the journal and Taylor & Francis. We may then ask authors to provide supporting raw data where required. We may also ask Journal Editorial Board members to assist in further evaluation of the paper and allegations. If the explanation is not satisfactory we will reject the submission. We may also choose not accept future submissions.
It is very important to be honest about any competing interests, whether sources of research funding, direct or indirect financial support, supply of equipment or materials, or other support.
If an author does not declare a competing interest to the journal upon submission, or during review, and it affects the actual or potential interpretation of the results, the paper may be rejected or retracted.
Before you submit, make sure you’ve:
Finally, notify all the co-authors once you have submitted the paper.
Download the ethics for authors infographic in Chinese
An introduction to research integrity and selective reporting bias for journal editors and researchers
Taylor & Francis refers editors to the COPE Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors and recommends all reviewers adhere to the COPE Ethical Guidelines for Peer Reviewers.