|Data type||Suggested repositories|
|DNA and RNA sequences||Genbank|
|DNA and RNA sequences||EMBL Nucleotide Sequence Database (ENA)|
|Gene expression||Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO)|
|Genetic polymorphisms||dbSNP NCBI|
|Genetic polymorphisms||dbVar NCBI|
|Genetic polymorphisms||European Variation Archive (EVA)|
|Linked genotype and phenotype data||dbGAP NCBI|
|Linked genotype and phenotype data||European Genome-Phenome Archive (EGA)|
|Metabolomics data||Metabolomics Workbench|
|3-D printable models||NIH 3D Print Exchange|
|Macromolecular structures||Biological Magnetic Resonance Data Bank (BMRB)|
|Macromolecular structures||Electron Microscopy Data Resource (EMDB)|
|Macromolecular structures||Worldwide Protein Data Bank (wwPDB)|
|Macromolecular structures||RCSB Protein Data Bank (PDB)|
|Crystallographic data||Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre (CCDC)|
|Crystallographic data||Crystallography Open Database (COD)|
|Earth and environmental science data||PANGAEA|
|Earth and environmental science data||NERC Data Centres|
|Earth and environmental science data||World Data Center for Climate (WDCC)|
|Earth and environmental science data||Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity (KNB)|
|Earth and environmental science data||EarthChem|
|High Energy Physics Data||HEPData|
|Archaeology Data||Archaeology Data Service (ADS)|
|Paleontology Data||Paleobiology Database|
|Humanities outputs||CORE (Humanities Commons)|
Taylor & Francis Editorial Policies
You and your co-authors must list all relevant affiliations to attribute where the research or scholarly work was approved and/or supported and/or conducted.
For non-research articles, you must list your current institutional affiliation.
If you have moved to a different institution before the article has been published, you should list the affiliation where the work was conducted, and include a note to state your current affiliation.
If you do not have a current relevant institutional affiliation you should state your independent status.
Appeals and complaints
Taylor & Francis journals follow Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines on appeals to journal editor decisions and complaints about a journal’s editorial management of the peer review process.
We welcome genuine appeals to editor decisions. However, you will need to provide strong evidence or new data/information in response to the editor’s and reviewers’ comments.
Where you, as an author, wish to comment on aspects of the journal’s editorial management please contact us and select “Other” as the topic.
Please read the full Taylor & Francis guidance on peer review appeals and complaints from authors.
Listing authors’ names on an article is an important mechanism to give credit to those who have significantly contributed to the work. It also ensures transparency for those who are responsible for the integrity of the content.
Authors listed on an article must meet all of the following criteria:
Made a significant contribution to the work reported, whether that’s in the conception, study design, execution, acquisition of data, analysis and interpretation, or in all these areas.
Have drafted or written, or substantially revised or critically reviewed the article.
Have agreed on the journal to which the article will be submitted.
Reviewed and agreed on all versions of the article before submission, during revision, the final version accepted for publication, and any significant changes introduced at the proofing stage.
Agree to take responsibility and be accountable for the contents of the article and to share responsibility to resolve any questions raised about the accuracy or integrity of the published work.
Research and non-research articles must cite relevant, timely, and verified literature (peer-reviewed, where appropriate) to support any claims made in the article.
You must avoid excessive and inappropriate self-citation or prearrangements among author groups to inappropriately cite each other’s work, as this can be considered a form of misconduct called citation manipulation. Read the COPE guidance on citation manipulation.
If you’re the author of a non-research article (e.g. a Review or Opinion) you should ensure the references you cite are relevant and provide a fair and balanced overview of the current state of research or scholarly work on the topic. Your references should not be unfairly biased towards a particular research group, organization or journal.
If you are unsure about whether to cite a source you should contact the journal editorial office for advice.
You and all of your co-authors must declare any competing interests relevant to, or which can be perceived to be relevant to the article.
A competing interest can occur where you (or your employer, sponsor or family/friends) have a financial, commercial, legal, or professional relationship with other organizations, or with the people working with them which could influence the research or interpretation of the results.
Competing interests can be financial or non-financial in nature. To ensure transparency, you must also declare any associations which can be perceived by others as a competing interest.
Corrections, expressions of concern, and retractions
Sometimes after an article has been published it may be necessary to make a change to the Version of Record (VoR).
This will be done after careful consideration by the Editor who is also supported by Taylor & Francis staff to ensure any necessary changes are done in accordance with guidance from the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).
Data availability and deposition
Taylor & Francis supports a number of open data initiatives and offers a suite of data-sharing policies for journals.
Designations of territories
Taylor & Francis respects its authors’ decisions regarding the designations of territories in its published material.
Taylor & Francis’ policy is to take a neutral stance in relation to territorial disputes or jurisdictional claims in its published content, including in maps and institutional affiliations.
Where a journal is owned by and published on behalf of a society or other third party, Taylor & Francis will take into account that Society’s policy on this issue to the extent it differs from Taylor & Francis’ own.
Editor Code of Conduct
Taylor & Francis Group’s journal program provides a home for validated, trusted research from the world’s brightest and best minds.
The editor of a journal plays a vital role in advancing knowledge within fields of research. They do this by:
Maintaining and improving the quality of work the journal publishes and the integrity of its peer review process
Supporting the journal’s authors and reviewers
Maintaining and improving the journal’s reputation in collaboration with the journal’s wider editorial team and Taylor & Francis.
To support this role, our Editor Code of Conduct sets out the minimum standards for all Taylor & Francis and Routledge editors who have responsibility for decisions on journal content to help ensure our journals publish quality, trustworthy content.
Taylor & Francis journals require authors to declare all sources of financial support that helped to cover the expenses associated with the research reported in their article. Examples of these funding sources include:
internal funds, grants, and other types of financial support, such as those provided by the authors’ institutions, employers or the organisations authors are affiliated with;
external funds, such as those obtained from charities/non-profit organizations, private foundations, for-profit companies (e.g. technological or pharmaceutical companies), think tanks, political advocacy groups, trade associations, research associations, and government bodies.
The funding declaration enables authors to attribute credit to funders and facilitates transparency, especially where the funder may have additional roles or may have contributed to the research study. These contributions would also need to be defined in more detail within the competing interests declaration.
Examples of funding support authors are expected to declare include (but are not limited to):
Funding used to cover the expense associated with performing the research (e.g. costs of equipment or reagents used in the study) and/or analysis of the results.
Funding used for outsourced services or external assistance with experiments, data collation and/or data analysis reported in the article. Our policies on authorship and acknowledging external support can be found here.
Additional funding used to pay for language editing services, translators, and scientific, medical or technical writers. Our policies on authorship and acknowledging support can be found here.
Funding for travel necessary to the research project (e.g. travel to do fieldwork or archival research)
Authors are expected to declare only the acquired funds and grants that are directly relevant to the work reported in their article. If no funding was obtained for the reported work, authors are also encouraged to declare that no funding was obtained. This ensures transparency and avoids concerns being raised about undeclared funding support.
Any funding declaration must include the full name(s) of the funding body, the grant number(s), and ideally, the name of the person/group to whom this grant was awarded. As stated above, if the funder also played an active role in the research study, such as the data acquisition or analysis, this should be clearly stated in the competing interests declaration.
Authors must be prepared to provide funding documentation and additional information to the journal office if requested (including, where relevant, information on funding used toward submission and publication fees). Please note that failure to disclose funding may, in some cases, be considered as misconduct and may result in corrective action to ensure the integrity of the scholarly record. Correction or retraction notices (as appropriate) may need to be issued on published articles where inaccuracies or key missing information in the funding statement are identified.
Taylor & Francis will not tolerate any kind of harassment of our authors, editors, reviewers, staff, or vendors.
We expect to work in an environment of mutual respect and will work with the Taylor & Francis ethics team and legal team to deal with any cases of harassment.
Images and figures
You should only use images and figures in your article if they are relevant and valuable to the work reported.
Please refrain from adding content of this type which is purely illustrative and does not add value to the scholarly work.
Articles published in Taylor & Francis journals (including its imprints) undergo thorough peer review and Taylor & Francis journals endorse COPE guidelines for reviewers.
Journals may operate different peer review processes. Our guide to understanding peer review outlines several different peer review models, including:
Single-anonymous peer review
Double-anonymous peer review
Open peer review
Every Taylor & Francis journal publishes a statement describing the model of peer review used by the journal within the journal homepage. A minimum of two independent reviewers is normally required for every research article. The aims and scope of each journal will outline their peer review policy in detail.
The details of the comments as well as the overall recommendations by peer reviewers will be considered by the Editor when making a decision, but ultimate responsibility for acceptance or rejection lies with the Editor.
In accordance with COPE recommendations on ethical editing for new Editors, Editors will assign any submissions they cannot handle (e.g. if they are the author of an article submitted to their own journal) to a member of the Editorial Board or a guest editor.
Please note that Taylor & Francis journals do not permit you to recommend peer reviewers.
Confidentiality of peer review
It is a requirement to maintain confidentiality and integrity of the peer review and editorial decision-making process at all stages, complying with data protection regulations (including GDPR). The invited reviewer should declare any competing interest before submitting their report to the journal. If they wish to involve a colleague as a co-reviewer for an article, they should ask the journal editorial office before sharing the manuscript and include their names, affiliation and any relevant competing interests in the comments for Editors when they return their report.
In the process of investigating an ethical query, the submitted manuscript, author, reviewer, and any other person (including whistleblowers) involved will be treated in confidence. During an investigation it may be necessary for the Editor to share information with third parties, such as the ethics committee and/or the authors’ institution.
Trust and integrity are among what readers value the most in scholarly peer-reviewed journal content. That’s why Taylor & Francis takes the issue of plagiarism very seriously.
For Taylor & Francis journals, this applies to data, images, words or ideas taken from any materials in electronic or print formats without sufficient attribution. The use of any such material either directly or indirectly should be properly acknowledged in all instances. You should always cite your source.
Preprints, preprint servers, and early reporting of scholarly work
We support the need for authors to share early versions of their work before peer review publication. There are also a number of options for Taylor & Francis authors to share the final Version of Record of their published article.
Preprints and preprint servers
A preprint, also known as the Author’s Original Manuscript (AOM), is your article before you have submitted it to a journal for peer review. Preprint servers are online repositories which enable you to post this early version of your research paper online.
Sharing your published article
If you’ve published in a Taylor & Francis or Routledge journal, there are many ways you can share different versions of your article with colleagues and peers.
Research ethics and consent
All research published in Taylor & Francis journals must have been conducted according to international and local guidelines ensuring ethically conducted research.
Standards of reporting
Research should be communicated in a way that supports verification and reproducibility, and as such we encourage authors to provide comprehensive descriptions of their research rationale, protocol, methodology, and analysis.
To aid authors in this, a number of study-design specific consensus-based reporting guidelines have been developed, and we recommend you to use these as guidance prior to submitting your manuscript.
Use of third-party material
You must obtain the necessary permission to reuse third-party material in your article. These materials may include – but are not limited to – text, illustration, photographs, tables, data, audio, video, film stills, screenshots, or musical notation.
The use of short extracts of text and some other types of material is usually permitted, on a limited basis, for the purposes of criticism and review without securing formal permission. If you wish to include any material in your paper for which you do not hold copyright, and which is not covered by this informal agreement, you will need to obtain written permission from the copyright owner prior to submission.
Further resources on our Author Services site provide detailed FAQs on topics such as the use of Twitter quotes and screenshots, the use of images of old paintings, redrawn images and derivative copyright, the quotation of poetry or songs, and guidance on the use of third-party content in open access articles.